What is syringoma?

Syringoma are small, firm bumps or papule caused by overactive sweat glands which are not harmful and non-cancerous They grow in group and can be yellow, brown, pale-pink, or skin toned in colour, they usually occur on the neck, below the eyes and on upper side of the cheeks and sometimes they appear on the abdomen, scalp, genitals, armpits, chest and belly button. Syringoma is symptomless but sometimes, few individual may experience pain and itchiness during sweating, they start appearing since childhood but can also appear at any age.

What are the causes of syringoma?

Syringomas are caused by over active sweat glands but other factors that are related to this condition are:-

  • Down syndrome.
  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome.
  • Genetics.
  • Marfan’s syndrome.
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • These are the few medical conditions where one can develop syringoma.

Things to Know

The different treatment options to treat syringoma are

Laser surgery: - laser therapy is targeted at the growth with concentrated wave length which destroys the tissues, this treatment reduces the risk of scaring and infection so laser treatment is preferred the most.

Electrosurgery:- In this electrical current is passed to syringoma which in turn destroys abnormal tissues and sometimes damage blood vessels. Only one session is required to remove syringoma and it does not leave any scar.

Cryotherapy:- In this liquid nitrogen is used to freeze the syringoma.

Dermabrasion:- fine metal wire or diamond- encrusted wheel is used to remove syringoma but it is not suitable for people who have deep rooted syringoma.

Chemical peel:- trichloroacetic acid peels is used to dry out the syringoma and made it fall off. The chemical is applied directly to the site by a trained doctor or a nurse.

Surgical excision:- Sometimes, surgical extraction is required to treat syringoma in this cutting, scraping and peeling instrument are used to surgical remove it and sutures are used to close the wound which can lead to scarring and it can damage the surrounding tissues also.

As mentioned above age is not specified but yes this condition can start appearing since childhood, although it can also start at the age of 25-40 yrs of age and especially in Japanese heritage women it is more common.
  • One must use sunscreen as and when required
  • Avoid direct sun exposure
  • Maintain healthy and balanced diet
  • Keep a monitor on diabeties and control it.

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