Sun tan
What is sun tan?

Associated to sunburn, a tan is an acute inflammatory reaction of the skin when excessively exposed to UV rays or ultraviolet radiation. The benefits of exposure to solar radiation are inclusive of vitamin D synthesis but when this is unrestrained, it could have damaging effects. It is also called solarerythema or simply put – tanning.

What are the causes of sun tan?

After the exposure to sun rays, the DNA in the skin is compromised causing apoptosis of skin cells, inflammation and redness. The cutaneous blood vessels are vasodilated prompting the erythema. Your skin has been designed to tolerate how much sun it can take. As the intensity of the UVB rays vary so does the risk of sunburn.

Which age group is usually affected?

Any age group is affected. It depends upon the person who is exposed to the sun directly or indirectly. Different Skin colour behaves differently to the sun exposure like very light or pale skin tanning- occasional,

  • Light or light skinned-sometimes,
  • Light intermediate- usually,
  • Dark intermediate-often,
  • Dark or brown- sometimes

Things to Know

No, there is no gender predilection for sun tan both male and female are affected, but males are often affected as compare to females.
Lifestyle plays a very important role in ones life in todays world. One must follow all the healthy habits to stay fit. Use sunscreen lotions before exposing the skin to the sun, use umbrella in the sun, so changing lifestyle and following good habits, one can avoid skin problem as much as possible.
No, there is no genetic predisposition. Skin starts tanning when a person is exposed to the sun directly or indirectly.
Medicines have an important role to play in the treatment of sun tan. 1st of all one has to use an effective broad spectrum sunscreen for prevention as well as treatment of the condition. There are a lot of myths regarding usage of sunscreen. Dr. Ruchi Agarwal MD, has worked a lot on the proper usage of sunscreen and has run many educational campaigns regarding this. ` alone will only be effective for minor sun tan or sun burn.

The different treatments available for this skin problem are:-

Most important is to use proper sun protection by applying sunscreen on the exposed areas. Then there are some oral medicines also which can act as internal sunscreen like lycopene, beta carotenoids, polyp odium etc. Depigmenting creams like kojic acid, glycolic acid, hydroquinone, licorice & azelic acid etc are used to reduce the tan. Glutathione in oral form, topical form and injectable form is also very effective treatment for tan and pigmentation.

Satya’s clarifying peel: The active component of this peel is phytic acid which has a large molecular weight and anti-oxidant properties. It is light, superficial and most suitable for sensitive skin types. The peel acts as a blocking agent against copper, iron and calcium which are the contributors to the formation of melanin. Yellow peel also helps in reducing the pigment to some extent.

PRP therapy: The Platelet rich plasma or PRP therapy essentially uses blood withdrawn from your own body, to be centrifuged and then the separated serum rich in platelets is injected into the concerned area. This rich concentration of platelets is applied to the skin for lightening and rejuvenating treatments.

Fractional laser: This type of laser makes small injury sites on the skin in the form of fractions. The injury given by fractional laser helps in excreting the excessive pigmented deposits from the skin. Consecutively, making the skin lighter in colour.

Aqua Facial: A 5 step procedure including extraction of dead cells, cold compress, radio frequency, microdermabrasion and infusing serum. This helps in rejuvenating the skin and getting back the moisture of the tanned area.

Laser Peel: Nd yag q switched laser peel done in fractional mode is one of the safest and most effective treatment as far as detaining to the skin specially the exposed parts is concerned. This treatment has no downtime and is very effective in removing the tan and pigment.

Yes, these treatments are very much safe, especially at Satya we keep all the pros and cons of all the treatments in mind and discuss it with our patients before the treatment. So that one knows that he/ she is in safe hands.
One needs to follow all the instructions as given by the dermatologist, one should get the treatment done only by an experienced dermatologist so as to prevent any mis happening or failure of the treatment.
A prior consultation is required with the dermatologist to understand the need of the treatment. Medicines work hand in hand with the procedural treatments. Selection of the right treatment according to your needs is very much necessary. Knowing the downtime of the individual treatment and its outcome is equally important. After a thorough consultation , patient can opt for the treatment and can get it done after taking a prior appointment as per his/her availability.

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